Dice are the oldest casino-style gaming instruments known to man. Their exact origin is unknown but the oldest known dice were excavated as part of a 5000-year-old backgammon set, at the Burnt City archeological site in Iran.
In ancient times the throw of a dice was not just considered to be determined by luck. The outcome was believed to be controlled by the gods and casting dice was a way of deciding important decisions, such as choosing rulers, dividing inheritances and as a method of prediction. . The Roman goddess, Fortuna, the Roman goddess and daughter of Zeus, also known as Lady Luck, was believed to determine the outcome of a throw. This was a harbinger of the ever-popular casino craps game of today.
The Romans and Greeks were enthusiastic dice players. Roman Emperors notoriously played and gambled with casino dice compulsively. Dice games were popular in Europe during the Middle Ages when French academics taught them to their students. English kings, such as Richard the Lion Heart and King John, both gambled with dice. King Henry VIII even lost the bells of St. Paul's church because of a throw.
Of course, the biggest dice game in the world is Craps. Most gamblers that play craps know that winning depends on their good luck, and they know that there are a few things that can perhaps "increase their luck", such as having a beautiful woman blow on their dice before throwing them
Craps and the art of dice control
Most craps players have, at some time, witnessed a shooter on a hot roll as he threw number after number. By throwing the dice in the same way each roll, some players get into a rhythm that allows them to produced amazing casino craps rolls. Some players who try to practice rhythm rolling do this consciously, while others are unaware that they are doing it but manage to get the same result subconsciously.
Recently, there has been a lot of media hype about what is known as dice control, rhythm rolling, dice influencing, dice setting or controlled throwing (the more accurate term).
Experts used to argue that dice control does not allow players to have an edge at craps are now saying that dice control actually works. The name "craps casino dice control" probably has something to do with the skepticism and it is definitely misleading.
While it is not possible to control the outcome of every roll of the dice, it is possible to divert the chances a little bit in your favor and thus to even out the set advantage that the casino has.
The concept behind controlled throwing is to start by setting the dice in a certain way, gripping them and throwing them the same way each time.
But there is more to dice control than setting the dice prior to shooting. By exploiting physics and mechanics concepts like the degrees of freedom in the rigid body dynamics (of the dice) and limiting them, the shooter can increase the probability that the dice will land as planned.
The theory is that if the dice are properly held and thrown at the correct angle, they will land just before the back wall of the craps table, and then gently touch the wall, greatly increasing the probability of their remaining on the same axis. If done correctly and consistently this technique would be able to change the game's long-term odds from the house's favor to the player's favor.
Set the controls for the heart of the jackpot
Controlled throwing comprises of several components. The first is the dice set. The way you set the dice can affect the throw's outcome. One of the most popular sets is what is known as the 3-V set where you have each dice showing three in a "V" formation. This gives you the hard six (3 and 3) on top, the Hard eight (4 and 4) on the bottom, the eight on one (6 and 2) on the back and the six, (5 and 1) on the front. This set shows no sevens.
In order to get the dice to the end of table as required, you must use a smooth throw, that is strong enough but not very strong to avoid having the dice bounce hard against the back of the table. Throwing the dice the same way, (after practice of course) can produce repeating numbers while avoiding the sevens.
A pair of dice can produce 36 possibilities and there are six ways to make a seven. This means that the probability of rolling a seven is once in every six rolls. In Craps, the house edge over players is calculated with this probability, so if your roll the dice 42 times and get seven seven's than you are at a disadvantage. However, if you manage to throw, for example, seven seven's in 43 rolls, it is enough to cancel out the house edge. Just that extra through will create a break-even game at the craps table and will no longer make craps a game that you must eventually lose.
Controlled throwing aims to elevate craps from a random casino game of chance to a sport, akin to pool, darts and golf. However, opposing this are some doubts in the gambling community concerning whether dice control can truly overcome the house edge in craps.
Among the most prominent figures in the field of dice control are Frank Scoblete, who wrote Golden Touch Dice Control Revolution and also Stanford Wong, who wrote the famous Wong on Dice. These books can teach you the basics of dice control but a lot depends on how much time and effort you put into practicing these methods.
Controlled rolling is a physical skill which takes many hours of practice to master. And it is still not an assurance that you will win consistently at the casino craps table. You will also have to learn how to bet properly to take advantage of the edge you have made for yourself.
Of dice and men
I don't believe that God plays dice with the universe -- Albert Einstein
Not only does God play dice, he throws them where we can't see them -- Steven Hawkings
Not only does God play dice with the universe, he's using loaded dice -- John Ford
The best throw of the dice is to throw them away -- Old English proverb
Whose game was empires and whose stakes were thrones. Whose table earth, whose dice were human bones -- Lord Byron
Triumph depends on a roll of fate's dice; the ultimate prize is a place in heaven -- Friedrich Nietsche