It is believed that roulette dates back to 17th century France and unsurprisingly, roulette is actually a French word that means ‘little wheel’. During the mid 17th century, Blaise Pascal, a French scientist, invented a mechanism for a wheel that is similar to the wheel in roulette while he was researching perpetual motion. A game that was known as ‘roly poly’ was created in the 18th century in England. ‘Roly poly’ was played by rolling a ball in the opposite direction on the edge of a spinning bowl and when the bowl stopped, the ball would fall into a pocket. As time passed, the game of roulette evolved into what we see today. This game made its first appearance in French casinos before the turn of the 19th century. This first roulette game had both a zero and double zero and was taken America – this is where American Roulette emerged. In Europe, it is more common to find wheels that only have a single zero rather than the single and double zero – this is known as European roulette. The odds of winning European roulette are better than in American roulette because there is one less pocket for the ball to drop in. Either way, players love to play roulette.
Before you start playing roulette, there is some basic terminology that you should learn first. This terminology includes:
· American Roulette: A wheel that has both a double zero and single zero
· Croupier: The word ‘dealer’ in French
· En Prison: In European roulette, if you make an even money bet and the ball falls into the zero pocket, you will not lose and the bet remains for another spin. If you win on the next spin, you do not win but you do receive your chips back that you used to place the bet. This rule is not available on all European roulette tables.
· European Roulette: A wheel that has a single zero but no double zero.
· Fibonacci System: This is a progressive betting system that is thought to be from the middle ages. It is based on the Fibonacci numbers where the value of numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are based on the addition of the 2 previous numbers
· House Edge: The advantage that the casino game has over you
· La Bouchere System: A betting system where you come up with a series of numbers and then place a bet on the 1st and last numbers in the series. If you lose the bet, another number is added to the series and if you win, the numbers that you used are crossed off the list.
· La Partage: A rule that is sometimes used in European roulette where the house only takes half of your losing bet if the ball lands on zero and you have placed an even money bet.
· Odds: The statistical chances of an event occurring
· Wager: Bet
Roulette is a game that is based on luck so there is no way to predict or bet with 100% accuracy. Fortunately, there are several solid strategies that you can use to increase your odds of winning. First, you should understand all the rules of the game and then you need to reason about different strategies that are used when playing roulette. Solid betting systems are those that are based on mathematics or statistics and they can improve your chances of winning.
The Labouchere Betting System
The Labouchere System has been used for many years as a roulette betting strategy. In order to use this strategy, you need to do the following:
1. Choose the amount of money that you want to win, like $20.
2. Next, write down a sequence of positive and random numbers that can be added up to the total amount of money that you want to win. You can pick as many numbers are you want as long as they add up to the total amount of money you want to win and there is an even number of them. As an example, your numbers may be: 2, 1, 3, 1, 6, 1, 2, 4 or 4, 5, 4, 2, 3, 2 or 4, 5, 6, 5.
3. Now, take the last number and the first number and add them together and then place an even money bet with that amount of money. Even money bets are those that have the highest odds of winning like black or red, even or odd and 1st or 2nd half.
4. If you win the bet, then you can cross off the 2 numbers that you used to in your bet. If you lose, then take the number of your bet amount and move it to the end of your line and continue to bet.
The disadvantage to this strategy is that there some risk of a long losing streak and you could lose a fair amount of money. On the bright side, this system is effective in the long term.
Martingale Betting System
The Martingale System is a simple betting strategy; just double your bet when you lose. This system is great for a game like roulette where you are able to place bets that have a 50% chance of winning, like black or red or even and odd. When you lose, you just double your bet for the next round and keep doing so until you win your money back. There are several variations of this strategy including the Grand Martingale, the Anti-Martingale and the Gland Martingale. The Grand Martingale says that in addition to doubling your bet, you should also add another single bet. The Anti-Martingale says that you should not double down if you lose but double down if you win. Finally, the Gland Martingale says that you should wait until you see 5 even money bets in a row that have the same outcome and then bet on the opposite result. The disadvantage of this strategy is that there is always a risk and nothing is guaranteed with 100% certainty. The Martingale betting system could create a huge loss for you after a losing streak so be sure to walk away from the game when you need to.
D’Alembert Betting System
The D’Alembert system is named after the French mathematician who invented the system – Jean Le Rond d’Alembert. This system is tailored to even money bets and is based on the theory that nature is always seeking equilibrium. This means that if the same result continues to occur, it is probable that the opposite will occur soon after. For example, if an even money bet like red is appearing often, then according to D’Alembert, you should bet on black. If you lose a bet then you should increase your bet amount for the next round because the chances of winning will be greater. If you win a bet, then you should do the opposite and lower your bet. As an example, say that your bet is $1 and you continue to lose. You should then start to place $2 bets and if you lose again then place a $3 bet. When you do win, you should lower your bet amount from $3 to $2. The disadvantage of this system is that it is based on the theory that there is a balance between losing and winning. It is possible that you will lose a substantial amount of money as the equilibrium may be based on millions of bets.