French Roulette is a game shrouded in mysterious origins. While the name ‘Roulette’ has a meaning akin to ‘small wheel,’ the inventors of the game are less well known. Perhaps, as some folks suggest, Blaise Pascal – a French mathematician – had a hand to play in this wheel of fortune. Some gaming pundits even believe that it was the Chinese who invented the game and couriered it to Europe.
Roulette has been used as a means of alleviating financial difficulties in days of old. Indeed Monaco, today a bustling hubbub of activity, was once experiencing tough times. But French Roulette made its presence felt when in 1842 Francois and Louis Blanc invented the single 0 version. There are some 36 numbers and the single 0 in the modern version of the game.
The layout of the French Roulette table is different from other types of Roulette. Of particular interest to players is the ‘La Partage’ rule which states that players only lose 50% of their 1:1 bets when the wheel stops on zero. French Roulette offers multiple betting options which include the broad categories of Inside Bets and Outside Bets, among others.
The types of Inside Bets
Street Bets - are bets on three numbers in a row.
Corner Bets - are bets placed on a group of 4 numbers.
Straight Bets – are number bets on 1-36 and 0. If the ball falls on 0 players receive half their bet back.
Split Bets – are bets on adjacent numbers on the Roulette table.
Six Line Bets – are bets placed on 6 numbers in 2 rows of 3.
The types of Outside Bets
Dozen Bets - Players can place bets on a group of 12 numbers, in the areas marked "1st 12", "2nd 12" or "3rd 12".
Colour Bets - These are bets on Red or Black
Column Bets – The outside of the Roulette table features three areas marked "2 to 1". All bets placed on these areas are essentially a bet on the 12 numbers in that area.
Even or Odd Bets – as the name suggests, these are bets placed on either Even or Odd numbers
Low or High Numbers – low number bets on numbers 1-18 and high number bets on 19-36
The Call Bets in French Roulette
Tiers du Cylindre - These are bets on the twelve numbers that are located on the opposite side of the Roulette wheel from the 0. They include 5, 8, 10, 11, 13, 16, 23, 24, 26, 27, 30, and 33.
Voisins du Zero - These are bets placed on the seventeen numbers surrounding the 0 on the Roulette wheel. They include 0, 2, 3, 4, 7, 12, 15, 18, 19, 21, 22, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32, and 35
Orphelins - These are bets on the eight remaining Roulette numbers which are not included in either the Voisins or the Tiers. They include 1, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 31, and 34.
Finales a Cheval – These are interesting Roulette bets placed on all numbers ending in either of two digits. A Finales a Cheval 3/7 is a bet placed on 3, 7, 13, 17, 23, 27, 25, 32 and 33.
Finales en Plein – These are bets placed on all numbers ending in a particular digit. For example, a Finales en Plein 7 is a bet on 7, 17, and 27.